Google Detailed Dangerous Red Team Attacks to Hack AI Systems

Google Detailed Dangerous Red Team Attacks to Hack AI Systems. Pursuing innovation demands clear security standards in the public and private sectors for responsibly deploying AI technology, ensuring secure AI models.

With the rapid rise of AI (Artificial Intelligence), there are also rising major security concerns and that’s why Google urges a cautious approach as a major AI player.


Google has a group of ethical hackers under its Red Team that works on making AI safe, which was formed almost a decade ago.

Daniel Fabian, Google Red Team’s head, leads hackers simulating diverse adversaries, from nations to individuals, inspired by the military’s concept.

Google’s AI Red Team blends traditional AI expertise to execute complex attacks on AI systems, similar exist for other Google products as well.

Red Teaming

The red team concept traces back to Cold War, originating from RAND Corporation’s war-gaming simulations; at that time, ‘red’ symbolized adversaries like the Soviet Union.

Google’s AI Red Team simulate AI threat actors, pursuing four key goals, and here they are mentioned below:-

Analyze simulated attacks’ impact on users & products to enhance the resilience strategies.

Evaluate AI detection & prevention in core systems, probing for potential bypasses.

Enhance detection with insights for early response and effective incident handling.

Promote awareness to aid developers in understanding AI risks and encourage risk-driven security investments.

Red teaming is valuable but not the sole tool in the SAIF toolbox. In short, secure AI deployments require other practices like penetration testing, security auditing, and more.

Google’s red teaming means end-to-end simulation, while adversarial testing focuses on specific parts of complex systems. Automated adversarial testing is crucial for SAIF and will be further explored in future papers.

Red Team Attacks on AI Systems

Adversarial AI, focusing on attacks and defenses against ML algorithms, aids in understanding AI system risks. Google contributes to advanced research, but real-world implications differ from lab conditions, necessitating caution.

Google’s AI Team adapts research to assess real AI products, discovering security, privacy, and abuse issues by leveraging attackers’ tactics.

TTPs define attacker behaviors in security, including testing detection capabilities. MITRE published TTPs for AI systems, and AI focuses on relevant real-world threats based on experience.


Below, we have listed all the TTPs:

  • Prompt attacks
  • Training data extraction
  • Backdooring the model
  • Adversarial examples
  • Data poisoning
  • Exfiltration
  • Collaboration with traditional red teams

Google advises traditional teams to collaborate with AI experts for realistic simulations. Addressing findings can be challenging, but strong security controls like proper lockdowns mitigate risks and safeguard AI model integrity.

Some AI attacks are detectable traditionally, but others, like content and prompt attacks, demand layered security models.

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Tushar is a Cyber security content editor with a passion for creating captivating and informative content. With years of experience under his belt in Cyber Security, he is covering Cyber Security News, technology and other news.