What is Phishing? Essential Advice for Safeguarding Your Personal Data Online

As we dive deeper into the digital world, cybercrime is like a pesky mosquito that just won’t buzz off. Look at phishing – the classic con where cyber criminals try to lure unsuspecting victims into divulging their most prized possessions, like passwords and credit card numbers. Yes, it’s like fishing, but instead of a rod and reel, they use a keyboard and a lot of deceit. In this article, we’ll teach you how to fish out the phishers, so you can keep your data from getting stolen.

What is Phishing?

When performing a phishing attack, cybercriminals pose as reputable online entities like banks, retailers, or social media platforms in an attempt to trick their targets into handing over personal information. Phishing is an online social engineering technique used to steal sensitive information, like passwords and credit card numbers, from unsuspecting victims of fraud.


Phishing scams can take many forms, but some common techniques include:

  • Emails that ask you to click on a link and enter your login credentials
  • Messages that claim to be from a social media or e-commerce site requesting verification of your account information by clicking on a link
  • Emails or messages that contain urgent requests for information, such as those claiming your account has been compromised and you need to take immediate action.

How to Recognize Phishing Scams

Phishing scams can be challenging to identify because they often appear from trusted sources. Don’t get hooked! Keep an eye out for these warning signs of a phishing scam:

Suspicious sender

Verify the sender’s username or email address. If the source doesn’t match, it’s probably a phishing attempt.

Request for sensitive information

Legitimate businesses and institutions will never request sensitive data via email or message, such as passwords or Social Security numbers.

Poor grammar and spelling

Grammar and spelling mistakes are common in phishing emails and messages, which wouldn’t occur in correspondence from a reliable source.

Urgent requests

Phishing emails and messages often contain urgent requests for information, such as those that claim your account has been compromised and that you need to take action immediately.

How to Protect Yourself from Phishing Scams

Protecting yourself from phishing scams is essential to safeguarding your personal data online. Here are some essential tips to follow:

Be cautious with emails and messages

If you receive an email or message that asks you to provide sensitive information or contains suspicious links, do not click on anything. Instead, contact the company or organization directly to verify the request.

Use two-factor authentication

Many websites and services offer two-factor authentication, which requires a password and an additional code to access your account. This added layer of security can help prevent phishing attempts.

Keep your software up to date

Cybercriminals often use outdated software vulnerabilities to install malware on computers. Ensure your software is up to date, and consider using anti-virus and anti-malware software to protect your computer.

Use a VPN

You may wonder, “Does a VPN protect you from hackers?” Using a VPN can make it more difficult for hackers to intercept your internet traffic and steal sensitive information. However, a VPN is not a foolproof solution, and it is still possible for cybercriminals to breach your online security even if you are using a VPN.

Use strong passwords

Strong passwords can help protect your accounts from being hacked. Use a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols, and avoid using the same password for multiple accounts.

Be cautious with public Wi-Fi

Public Wi-Fi networks are often unsecured, making them a prime target for cybercriminals. Avoid using public Wi-Fi for sensitive activities, such as online banking or shopping, and consider using a VPN when you need to connect to a public network.